Newfoundland dog – characteristic features of the breed
As you are probably fully aware, there are numerous breeds of dogs, which makes opting for a specific one very difficult. It sometimes happen that while making a choice, we especially focus on the appearance of a given pet or on current trends. Unfortunately, such selections may turn out to be improper after some time. All breeds of dogs are exceptional, but not all of them may be suitable for you.
If you neglect the needs and predisposition of a given canine, you may make its life very miserable, as well as cause notable behavioral and health-related problems.
In order to choose the right dog for you, you should spend some time familiarizing yourself with the specificity of the breed you consider to be the most interesting. One of them is Newfoundland dog, the representatives of which are friendly, dependable, and look like teddy bears due to an astounding amount of fur.
Newfoundland dogs are members of the Molosser family – their height is typically about 66 cm (for female dogs) and 71 cm (for male dogs). Their fur is typically completely black, but one may come across brown, as well as black-and-white ones. Sometimes, black and brown-haired dogs may have small white dots on their chest, tail, and paws.
Fur of this breed is very thick and dense, but also remarkably soft. When it comes to its length, it can be considered moderate. Hair is typically straight, yet it can be sometimes be curly as well. Even though the dog in question is rather massive, its agility and flexibility are exceptional. The fur consists of guard hair and undercoat, which protects the canine against moisture and cold.
Newfoundland dogs are family dogs in nature. They are not suitable for guarding, but they can scare away an intruder with their looks alone. The canine in question does not like loneliness – it does not mean that it cannot be left unattended, but one has to devote a lot of one’s attention to it, for the representatives of the discussed breed need it. Newfoundland dogs are perfect for performing various tasks in a close proximity to water.
They can fetch items, save drowning people, and haul boats to the coast. They are also excellent as dog therapists, especially due to their friendly character. That is why they are so frequently taken advantage of during kynotherapy sessions. Newfoundland dogs do not require a lot of exercising, especially in the rapid development period, when their joints should not be excessively strained.
Long walks are not recommended, and should be avoided at all costs during warm days. Discussed dogs deal poorly with high temperatures, so you should rather take them to the nearby lake or let them rest near a pool. The breed in question loves water in all forms – puddles, mud, rain, and snow, are just an excuse for them to have some fun.
Newfoundland dogs love other animals and children. Even though they are rather big, they are also very gentle, especially if trained well. Such canines have to be provided with numerous new stimuli regularly, for they get bored quite easily. As they are rather intelligent, the owner should give them the opportunity of developing mentally. It is not a breed that can be neglected – Newfoundland dogs need a strong and close bond with their owners and if this need is not satisfied, some behavioral problems may occur.
Due to their dense fur, the aforementioned dogs have to be brushed properly and frequently. During the shedding period, the owner has to use brush once every few days.
To strengthen canine hair, it is recommended to utilize dedicated preparations and solutions. Proper cutting is also important – the dense fur has to be controlled in order not to allow for severe skin conditions to develop. When it comes to showers, they should take place once or twice a month and be based on taking advantage of prior advised shampoos and conditioners.
Frequent showers are especially important during summer, when dogs drool a lot, which makes an unpleasant mixture of saliva, water, and sand appear under their neck. A proper care about the fur is also paramount, neglecting it may result in hair damaging, which may in turn lead to severe hair conditions.
Newfoundland dogs develop quite rapidly and that is why their organism require a proper nutrition. It does not mean, however that they can be fed without any limitations whatsoever. The fodder provided should be balanced and adjusted for the needs of the breed. On the market, there are numerous products that will surely satisfy their hunger. All the owner has to do is to select the one having the most nutrients and dose it in compliance with the recommendations of the producer. It is exceptionally important, because Newfoundland dogs should not be chubby, but rather lanky, especially while growing.
The excessive weight, mainly at a young age, may lead to spine deformations, cruciate ligament fracture, and dysplasia. While being a pup, a Newfoundland dog has to be fed 4 times a day, whereas after growing up – up to 2 times a day. Take care of a proper bowl as well and place it on an elevated surface to ensure feeding without the risk of gastric volvulus, which may require the intervention of a vet and may even lead to death.
While making a decision to purchase a representative of the Newfoundland dog breed, you will gain a very caring and trustful member of the family, which will also be quite a responsibility. The lifespan of said breed oscillates from 8 to 12 years. While taking such a canine, you have to make sure that you will be able to deal with it with care and meticulousness.